The C3S Climate & Energy Education Demonstrator (C3S Edu Demo) aims to inform, raise awareness and provide data about climate change and related energy issues. A key objective of the C3S Edu Demo is to enhance user experience, to allow students and teachers to seamlessly navigate through the various options. The C3S Edu Demo is being designed to be integrated with and to complement existing school curricula, including the International Baccalaureate.
Software Development: Nth Work
This work is supported by the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S), a programme being implemented by the European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) on behalf of the European Commission.
Variable Fact Sheets
Click on an icon below to download a factsheet for that variable, containing definitions, fun facts, a glossary and more!
The following climate variables can be selected via the Edu Demo: air temperature, wind speed (at 10m height), total precipitation and solar radiation. These are chosen both for their importance as climatic indicators, but also because the are the main factors affecting the energy variables displayed with the Edu Demo.
Air temperature is the main indicator of how the climate evolves. It is linked to electricity demand, and can also affect solar power production.
Wind speed provides an indication of the strength of the atmospheric circulation. It is also linked to wind power production.
Precipitation provides an indication of how wet or dry the earth system is. It is also linked to hydroelectric production (the latter is not currently available on the Edu Demo).
Solar radiation is the amount of energy coming from the sun that reaches the ground. It is also linked to solar power production.
The following energy variables can be selected via the Edu Demo:
Solar Radiation Patterns Across Europe
This video explores the pattern of solar radiation across Europe, how it changes throughout the year, and why these patterns exist.
**This is a proof-of-concept ‘pilot’ video demonstrating educational application and concepts for learning using the C3S Climate & Energy Education Demonstrator tool**
C3S Climate & Energy Education Demonstrator: A Demonstration
A demonstration of the C3S Climate & Energy Education Demonstrator application tool. This video gives you a whistle-stop tour of the tool’s key features, capabilities and functions. It also provides an example of how to use the tool in an educational setting, using a enquiry question.
C3S User Learning Service (ULS) Lessons
C3S Education Demonstrator ULS lessons
- Coming soon
Related C3S ULS lessons & learning paths
Launch webinar: Tuesday 7th January 2020
The launch of the new exciting educational tool to explore climate and energy data. The full agenda and line-up can be found on the event page.
Watch the webinar recording here:
C3S Edu Demo Webinar 001
User Consultation Workshop: Monday 27th January 2020
Following on from the launch webinar, this first online user-consultation workshop guided teachers and educators to engage with the tool to experience its educational potential. The workshop featured an interview with a teacher and two of their students, providing their perspective and context to how the C3S Education Demo could be used and applied in the classroom. The workshop involved interactive discussion and tasks which allowed attendees to discover for themselves how the tool could be used in different contexts, and an opportunity to reflect and evaluate helping us to ensure the tool has a sustainable legacy as an educational resource.
Watch the workshop recording here:
C3S Edu Demo Workshop 001
ABSOLUTE AIR TEMPERATURE The actual number of a given measurement from zero (0): “The thermometer says the temperature is 14.3°C”
AIR PRESSURE The ‘weight’ of air molecules that press down on the Earth. As air warms it becomes lighter and less dense. This is called ‘low’ pressure and often gives you windy, unsettled weather. ‘High’ pressure tends to give you calm, settled and sunny weather.
ANOMALY The difference between what you would expect based on an average of past readings and what was recorded: “December 2010 in Germany was 5.61°C colder than the average over the 30 years before”
ANNUAL AIR TEMPERATURE The mean air temperature for an entire year (January to December) for a given place: “The annual air temperature for France in 2006 was 12.25°C”
DROUGHT Can be defined as a prolonged period of below average rainfall which usually leads to a shortage of water: “The drought in the south-east of the United Kingdom has forced the government to issue a hose-pipe ban”
ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION How much electricity has been consumed over a period of time. If you used your 50W laptop for two hours, it will consume 100 watt hours (50×2) of electricity. It is this measure that energy companies use to work out your household energy bill.
ELECTRICITY DEMAND How much electricity is being consumed at a specific time. The electrical items you use at home will have a ‘wattage’ rating, stating how much electricity it will demand. For example, a laptop may demand around 20-65 watts (W), but an oven may demand around 2000W. This is important for energy companies to know so they can plan to ensure everyone receives enough electricity.
FLASH FLOODING When a large amount of precipitation falls during a short space of time leading to a flood which comes very quickly after the storm: “A month’s worth of rain fell in 2 hours causing flash flooding and mudslides.”
LATITUDE The measure of how far a place is on Earth, north or south from the equator. The equator is given the number 0 (zero) degrees and the further north or south you go, that number goes up. The north pole is 90 degrees north and the south pole is 90 degrees south.
LONG-TERM MEAN An average that has been taken over a long period of time, usually 30 years or so. For example, Spain’s June solar radiation long-term mean for the years 1981 to 2010 was 305W/m2.
MONTHLY RAINFALL The amount of rainfall recorded in one month. Rainfall can be recorded over any time period, such as a day or a year: “79mm of rain fell in October this year”
PEAK ELECTRICITY DEMAND The period of time where the highest amount of electricity is demanded from the energy grid. In most European countries, for homes, this is in the afternoon when everyone gets home from work and starts cooking dinner and turning on things like the TV!
SEASONAL Something that changes as the seasons (Spring, Summer, Autumn & Winter) change. Solar radiation, and so the heat and light a place gets from the sun, can be much less in the winter than in the summer, for example.
STORM SURGE A rise in sea level due to very low air pressure and strong winds. Storm surges can be very destructive to coastlines that are in their path. One of the most devastating storm surges to hit Europe was in 1953, causing damage and loss of life along the North Sea coastlines of the UK, Belgium and Netherlands.
VARIABLE WIND Wind speed and direction can change quickly. There may be a sudden gust, which is a burst of high wind speed, for example. When a low-pressure weather system, called a depression, passes over you, winds may get faster or slower, and can change direction in a matter of hours even minutes.
Downloading map data currently produces a .csv file where the countries and sub-divisions are labelled by a code. Please see below for a reference sheet that allows you to identify the spatial areas.
Why does historical data only go to 2016? Why can I only see data for Europe?
The current dataset used by the tool for historical climate data is based on the C3S European Climatic Energy Mixes (ECEM) project, whose climate variables are all available via “Climate data for the European energy sector from 1979 to 2016 derived from ERA-Interim”. This dataset has been used while efforts to produce new data based on the latest reanalysis, ERA5, which contain more recent observations, have been ongoing. These updated data will be used soon by the tool, so do sign-up for updates and we’ll keep you posted. In the meantime, you can access ERA5 climate data from the Copernicus Climate Change Data Store here.
Why do climate projection data go into the past even though we have observed data for the historical period?
Scientists run climate models starting from the past to try to represent the past climate as closely as possible to recorded climate observations. Climate models used for projections are not meant to represent the characteristics of each year but should be able to represent the average climate, say temperature, over a period of 20-30 years. However, the main use of the past climate simulation is to provide a reference for the future projections, so we can know how these are different from the past/current climate (e.g. warmer or colder). As you can see from our tool, climate models match reasonably well observed temperatures.
I've been using other visualisation tools to look at changes in climate and noticed that there are slight differences in the figures between them. Why is this?
With a wealth of data available, both for historical records and projections from climate models, there will be some reasonable and slight differences. Historical temperatures, for example, might be slightly different depending on the methodology used to process the data, including quality controlling them, and whether the data have been produced by a ‘reanalysis’ (see here for a good video from Copernicus ECMWF). Looking to the future, there are many climate models run under different scenarios, and therefore with different output. In order to give an idea of the range of output available, our tool combines seven of some of the main climate models into an ‘ensemble’, although you are able to explore each model’s output if you wish.
Is it possible to have some come into our school to run a training session on the tool or show the tool to our students?
This is something we would certainly consider. We invite you to first have a look at the ‘Webinars & Workshops’ tab for recordings that you may find helpful, including news of any upcoming events. And if you are still keen for us to visit or set up some remote online-based interaction, we are very happy to discuss this with you. Please contact us via the ‘Contact’ tab.
When I download the data, what do the header codes like "ES", "IE" and "96IT" mean?
These refer to countries and sub-divisions of countries. You can find a reference sheet on the glossary tab.
Why do you ask users to sign-up to use the tool?
We are currently tracking both how often users return but also the type of user using the tool by collecting simple demographic information. Email address are used to identify returning users, and won’t be used to for any other purpose unless they check the box to receive updates about the tool. If you are a school teacher and are still concerned, multiple users may use a single email address at the same time to use the tool (such as your school’s office email address).
I am having technical issues, or the tool doesn't appear to have the new/updated features listed in the latest version. What can I do?
The tool should work on all major browsers but is optimised for Google Chrome and Firefox. If you find you are having technical difficulties or not seeing updates, try emptying your web browser’s cache and reloading the tool.
Current version: v1.3.2 (07/02/2020)
- Bug fix: ‘Absolute’ wind speed plots are for 10m in height (not 100m) and so now correctly lay with the range of the legend, and conform to projection data
- Graph module stays active but is blank of plot when kept open switching between different datasets
- Bug fix: Map legend no longer appears ‘on top’ of sign-up form
- New feature: Ability to download data (CSV, XLSX, JSON) and capture an image (JPG, PNG, SVG, PDF) from the current graph on display
- New feature: User (password-free) sign-in form and ability to consent to update mailings
- Bug fix: Slider and map no longer displays two sets of 2017 & 2018 for solar and wind energy
- Bug fix: Units on graph pop-up labels for temperature, wind speed, solar radiation, electricity demand, solar PV and wind energy no longer incorrectly displaying ‘/y’, ‘/seas’, ‘/mth’ or ‘/day’
- Bug fix: Tour now appears again on start-up and when ‘Tour’ is clicked in the hamburger menu
- Update: Performance improvements
- Bug fix: Downloading data using ‘download button’ at top right no longer produces “web’s server IP address could not be found” error
- Bug fix: Energy model title on filter menu now displays the correct energy scenario model selected
- New feature: Ability to select from five different energy projection models for energy variables
- Update: ‘Resources’ menu link
- Bug fix: text description of projected long-term mean for ‘low’ emission scenario now appears
- Bug fix: ‘Projection’ text no longer showing by slider for datasets that only contain historical data
- Bug fix: Precipitation anomaly map now displays data as percentage rather than absolute differences
- Bug fix: Downloading factsheet for ‘Electricity Demand’, ‘Solar PV’ and ‘Wind Energy’ no longer returns a 404 error
- New feature: Ability to zoom map using mouse scroll-wheel
- New feature: User able to provide quick feedback via passive button on right-edge of screen
- Update: Map legend now displays data units
- Bug fix: Historical long-term mean plot (dashed orange line) on ‘all seasons’ and ‘all months’ now plotting accurately
- Bug fix: ‘Letterboxing’ of display no longer occurring on Firefox
We want your feedback on the C3S Edu Demo!
Please share opinions, feature requests and bug reports using our contact form below, or by using the feedback tab on the Edu Demo. All responses help us improve and develop this exciting new tool.
For more information about the C3S Education Demonstrator and the opportunities surrounding the project, please contact us via the form below.